When Did Walt Disney Die?

Walt Disney ( photo : d23.com )

Walt Disney is a well-known figure in American cinema history, but many people do not have much knowledge about him or his life. He was a master of animation and passed away from a tumor discovered during a medical examination.

Walt Disney's Death 

In 1966, Walt was scheduled to have surgery on his neck to fix an injury he had sustained while playing polo. During pre-surgery X-rays, it was discovered that he had a large tumor on his lung. He passed away on December 15, 1966.

Disney's Early Years 

photo: www.eluniverso.com

Walt Disney was born on December 5, 1901 to Elias Disney and Flora Call Disney. As a young boy, his family moved to a small farm in Missouri where he began to draw and develop his passion for art. A neighbor paid him to draw pictures of his horse and in 1911, the family moved to Kansas City. There, he attended Benton Grammar School and met a friend, Walter Pfeiffer, who introduced him to motion pictures and vaudeville. He began taking classes at the Kansas City Art Institute while still a child.

Disney's Career

photo: Magic Heroes

The Start of Disney's Career In 1917, Walt's family moved back to Chicago, where he started high school and took classes at the Chicago Art Institute at night. He left high school to try and join the army, but was rejected due to his age. In 1919, he returned to Kansas City to begin his career as an artist.

He found employment at the Pesmen-Rubin Art Studio where he created advertisements for magazines, newspapers, and movie theaters. He met a fellow cartoonist named Ubbe Iwerks and the two decided to start a commercial company together called "Iwerks-Disney Commercial Artists", but the partnership did not last long.

Disney developed an interest in animation and decided to pursue it instead of cartooning. He decided to open his own animation company and teamed up with Fred Harman, an employee he knew from the ad company. They named their cartoons "Laugh-O-Grams" and secured a theater, with the help of Frank Newman, to showcase their work.

Early Disney Cartoons 

photo: Merdeka

Soon, these cartoons became very popular in Kansas City. The success of these cartoons allowed Disney to start his own studio, called "Laugh-O-Gram." Under this studio, he hired a number of animators, including Ubbe Iwerks. However, Disney's ambition led him to hire too many people and the studio went bankrupt. He decided to establish a studio in Hollywood.

Disney and his brother gathered their remaining funds and set up a studio in Hollywood. Disney had created the "Alice Comedies" and was searching for a distributor for them. Although the comedies were never distributed, he found someone who wanted to make an animated movie based on Alice in Wonderland. This led to the creation of the Disney Brothers Studio. The live-action star of Alice in Wonderland, Virginia Davis, and Ubbe Iwerks were also moved to Hollywood.

Creation of Mickey Mouse

photo: static.republica.co.id

After losing the rights to one of his characters, Walt Disney decided to create a new character to replace it. He based the character on a pet mouse he had while living in Kansas City. The sketches were later refined by Ubbe Iwerks, but the voice and personality were created by Disney himself. Initially, the character was named "Mortimer," but it was later changed to "Mickey." Mortimer later became Mickey's rival in later cartoons. With the creation of Mickey Mouse, the studio became an instant success.

Source: https://biography.yourdictionary.com

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