These are The Characteristics and How to Treat Cystic Acne

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Keeping facial skin clean is one way you can do to prevent the appearance of pimples. There are several types of acne that can be experienced, one of which is cystic acne.

“Cystic acne appears due to a blockage in the pores caused by a buildup of oil and dead skin cells. This type of acne usually needs direct treatment from a doctor."

Usually, this type of acne is characterized by the appearance of red bumps on the skin. This lump has a hard texture and will have a white spot or pus at the end. Well, there's nothing wrong with knowing other characteristics of cystic acne so you can take the right treatment. 

Recognize the Characteristics of Cystic Acne 

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Pores on facial skin can get clogged with oil and dead skin cells. Unresolved blockages will cause pimples to appear. Then, this condition increases the risk of exposure to bacteria in clogged pores, causing an inflammatory reaction and swelling. 

This condition causes lumps to appear under the skin. Apart from clogging facial skin pores, there are several other factors that increase the risk of developing this type of acne, such as: 

- Entering the age of puberty. 
- Family history of the same condition. 
- Stress level. 
- Hormonal changes, such as menopause. 

Cystic acne is a type of acne that should not be ignored. This condition is more commonly experienced by people who have oily facial skin types. The size of the bump also has a larger diameter than other types of acne. 

If other types of acne are visible on the surface of the skin, then cystic acne is under the skin. Here are some of the symptoms that are a sign of this type of acne: 

- Large lump filled with pus. 
- There is a white liquid or pus at the end of the lump. 
- Redness. 
- Feels painful when touched. 

Generally, cystic acne is mostly found on the face area. However, it is possible that this type of acne can also appear on the neck, chest, and back. In fact, it is not uncommon for it to appear on the shoulders and behind the ears.

Know the Treatment for Cystic Acne 

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Usually, this type of acne cannot be treated with over-the-counter drugs at pharmacies. He needs direct medical treatment or specially prescribed drugs. 

Here are some treatments that can be done, namely: 

Antibiotics. Antibiotic drugs are given to reduce bacterial infection in acne so as to overcome the symptoms. Antibiotics can be given in the form of an ointment or oral medication. 

Topical Retinoids. This drug is given to reduce the risk of acne getting worse. Topical retinoids can be used daily in cream, ointment, or lotion form. 

Benzoyl Peroxide. This content is used to treat bacteria on facial skin and reduce inflammation that occurs. 

Isotretinoin. This content can overcome and eliminate the causes of acne. 

Steroids. Usually, steroids are given in the form of injections that are given directly by the doctor. 

Apart from using the treatment given by the doctor, make sure you do the right treatment at home so that the condition can improve soon. 

There are some treatment tips that you can do to deal with cystic acne at home: 

- Wash your hands before touching your face. 
- Make sure you wash your face at least twice a day and after your face sweats. 
- Do not scrub your face or use exfoliating products. 
- Avoid exposure to direct sunlight. 
- Fulfill the need for sleep. 
- Eat healthy food. 
- Manage stress well. - Keep body and hair clean. 

Those are some treatments you can do to treat cystic acne. You can check stubborn pimples at the hospital.

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